The debate about Wisconsin’s infrastructure and road quality remains at the forefront of the 2018 gubernatorial election.
In an article published by the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel on Aug. 16, Democratic gubernatorial candidate Tony Evers said fixing Wisconsin’s roads is a top priority, saying the condition of the state’s roads is ranked 49 out of 50 in the country.
When asked by The Observatory where Evers got this statistic, his campaign cited two resources.
The first was a Feb. 28, 2017 press release from the Transportation Development Association referring to the ranking released by U.S. News and World Report. The ranking placed Wisconsin 49 out of 50 in road quality and 41 out of 50 for overall transportation, which includes bridge quality, commute time, public transit quality and road quality.
The second was a Feb. 6, 2018 Wisconsin Gazette article about a PolitiFact Wisconsin report looking into Republican Gov. Scott Walker’s claims that he had spent more than his Democratic predecessor Gov. Jim Doyle on transportation — a claim PolitiFact rated as “mostly false.” The Wisconsin Gazette article again referred to the same ranking released by U.S. News in which Wisconsin’s roads were ranked 49 out of 50.
When asked about the statistic, Wisconsin Department of Transportation spokesman Christian Schneider referenced recent numbers regarding pavement quality on backbone and non-backbone highways. Schneider also pointed to Walker’s 2017-19 budget investment of approximately $6.1 billion to improve state infrastructure.
Backbone highways are the 1,588-mile multi-lane highway network “connecting all major population and economic regions of the state,” according to the DOT. Most of the state trunk highway system is on non-backbone highways, also known internally by the agency as the resurfacing, restoration and rehabilitation (3R) system, which makes up 10,167 miles of the network.
In an email on Sep. 12 to The Observatory, Schneider said from 2016 to 2017, the percentage of backbone highways rated “fair” or “above” increased from 98.1 percent to 98.3 percent. This rating is done by the DOT’s MAPSS Performance Improvement Program.
The percentage of non-backbone highways rated “fair” or “above” increased from 79.2 percent to 81.3 percent. For backbone highways, this was the fifth straight year of improvement, with the number increasing from 94.7 percent in 2012, Schneider said.
According to the report, 31 percent of Wisconsin’s locally and state-maintained roads are in poor condition and 19 percent are in mediocre condition. Half of Wisconsin’s roads are either in poor or mediocre condition because of “inadequate state and local funding.”
The group also found 17 percent of roads are in fair condition and 33 percent are in good condition.
While Wisconsin’s roads are no longer the second to worst in the nation as Evers claimed, they remain in the bottom six. The Observatory rates Evers’ claim as Mostly True.
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Scott Walker, Tony Evers aren’t spelling out their plans for Wisconsin roads, Aug. 16, 2018
Transportation Development Association, U.S. News Best State Ranking, WI roads #49, Feb. 28, 2017
Wisconsin Gazette, PolitiFact: Walker claims about Wisconsin’s infrastructure “mostly false,” Feb. 6, 2018
PolitiFact Wisconsin, Why Scott Walker, in real terms, has spent less on transportation than his Democratic predecessor, Feb. 6, 2018
U.S. News and World Report, Iowa is the Best State in the U.S., says 2018 Best States report, Feb. 27, 2018
U.S. News and World Report, Best States Wisconsin profile, 2018
State Department of Administration, State of Wisconsin: Budget in brief, 2017-19
Email from Wisconsin Department of Transportation spokesman Christian Schneider, Sept. 12, 2018
Wisconsin DOT, Backbone highway map
Wisconsin DOT, Non-backbone highway map
Wisconsin DOT, MAPSS Performance Improvement Report, July 2018 (updated September 2018)
TRIP, Wisconsin Transportation by the Numbers, September 2018